It is employers responsibility to ensure that the Act are complied with:
The employer shall ensure that the provisions laid down in and pursuant to this Act are complied with.
The shall undergo training in health, enviroment and safey work. § 3.5
The employer is also responsible the undertaking is arranged in such a manner that persons other than his own employees (hired workers) are also ensured a sound working enviroment.
List of some of the duties of the employer is found in § 3-1 (Requirements regarding systematic health, environment and safety work) and § 3-2 (Special safety precautions). The law also contains other demands of the employer.
Employees shall actively cooperate in the undertakings health, environment and safety work.
use the prescribed protective equipment and contribute to prevention of accidents.
immediately notify becoming aware of faults or defects at the workplace.
interrupt work if the employees consider that it cannot continue without involving danger to life or health,
notify the employer if aware of harassment or discrimination at the workplace,
notify the employer if suffering injury or contracting injury as a result of work conditions.
Cooperate on implementation of follow-up plans in connection with sick leave
Participate in dialogue meetings with the employer
Obey instructions issued by the Labour Inspection Authority.
Employees charged with directing or supervising other employees shall ensure that the Work Environment Act is taken into consideration under their areas of responsibility.
An employee has a right to notify concerning censurable conditions at the undertaking. It's illegal to retaliate employers in connection with notification.
The employer shall ensure that employees charged with directing or supervising other employees have the necessary competence to ensure that the work is performed in a proper manner with regard to health and safety. § 3-2
Working environment measures
Working Enviroment Act puts requirments on he underaking in regards of Health, environment and saftey work (Chapter 3)
The employer shall ensure that the HSE work carried out in a systematic manner.
The employer shall
Establish goals for health, environment and safety work.
Have an overall view of the undertakings organization, responsibilities and tasks.
Make a survey of problems and hazards
Implement routines in order to in comply with the requirements of the Act,
ensure systematic prevention and follow-up of absence due to sickness,
ensure continuous control of the working environment
conduct systematic supervision of the work on health, environment and safety in the undertaking
There is an own set of rules for the Occupational health services
The employer is obliged to provide occupational health services for the undertaking when so necessitated by risk factors in the undertaking. § 3.3
Requirements regarding the working environment
General requirements regarding the working environment: § 4-1
The working environment in the undertaking shall be fully satisfactory
Adjusted to prevent injuries and disease
The undertaking shall be arranged for employees of both sexes
to the extent possible and reasonable be designed and arranged so that employees with disabilities can work at the undertaking
The employees and their elected representatives shall be kept continuously informed of systems used in the undertaking. § 4-2
The physical working environment:
shall be fully satisfactory with regards to the employees health, environment, safety and welfare
shall be equipped and arranged in such a way as to avoid adverse physical strain on the employees
Machines shall be designed and provided with safety devices so that employees are protected against injuries
Chemical and biological health hazards shall be handled fully satisfactory with regard to the employees health, environment, safety and welfare. § 4-4§ 4-5
The employer shall, as far as possible, implement necessary measures for employees who suffers reduced working capacity. § 4-6
The employer shall assess measures to promote physical activity among the employees. § 3-4
Basics of working environment
Psychosocial working environment
The work shall be arranged so as to preserve the employees' integrity, dignity and social contact. § 4-3
Noise, unwanted sound
Annoying noise, such as ventilation, computer fans etc.
Harmful noise from loud surroundings > 80dB (A) and sharp noises < 130 dB (C)
When satisfactory precautions to protect life and health cannot be achieved by other means, the employer shall ensure that satisfactory personal protective equipment is made available to the employees.
The employer shall ensure to record work-related injuries and diseases. § 5-1
The records shall be accessible to the Labour Inspection Authority, safety representatives, occupational health services and the working environment committee
The records must not contain information of a personal nature without the consent of the person to whom the information applies
Notification obligation in case of accidents
The employer shall immediately and by the quickest possible means notify the Labour Inspection Authority and the nearest police authority in case of accidents. § 5-2
"serious injury" includes all kinds of injury, both physical and mentally, which leads to permanent or long time inability to work.
In case of an employee being injured or diseased in a way which can give claim to occupational injury coverage the employer is obliged to send a claim advice to NAV.
Safety representatives (Verneombud)
All undertakings are obliged to elect safety representatives. At undertakings with less than ten employees, the parties may agree in writing upon a different arrangement or agree that the undertaking shall not have a safety representative.
The employer shall ensure that safety representatives receive the necessary training. This involves the employer being responsible for training costs and the safety representatives being allowed the time necessary for courses.
For larger businesses should normally be a safety representative per shift team.
questions relating to the occupational health service and the internal safety service,
questions relating to training, instruction and information activities in the undertaking that are of significance for the working environment
plans that require the consent of the Labour Inspection Authority pursuant to section 18-9
other plans that may be of material significance for the working environment, such as plans for construction work, purchase of machines, rationalisation, work processes, and preventive safety measures
establishment and maintenance of the undertakings systematic health, environment and safety work, cf. section 3-1
health and welfare issues related to working-hour arrangements.
Occupational Health Services
The employer is obliged to provide occupational health services for the undertaking when so necessitated by risk factors in the undertaking. § 3-3
The assessment of whether such an obligation exists shall be made as part of the implementation of the systematic health, environment and safety measures.
Information and consultation
In undertakings that regularly employ at least 50 employees, the employer shall provide information concerning issues of importance for the employees' working conditions and discuss such issues with the employees' elected representatives. § 8-1
Information obligation regarding
The undertakings activities and economic situation
Current and expected situation on workforce situation and organization of work .
Internal control measures
There is regulations to employers implementation of control measures, both for how and when. See § 9-1 and § 9-2
Employers' right of access to employees' e-mail, etc. is regulated by regulations issued pursuant to section 3, fourth paragraph, first sentence of the Personal Data Act
Information about the health of (potential) workers is regulated. § 9-3
Working hours means "the time the employee is at the disposal of the employer".
working hours arrangements is regulated by The Working Environment Act, section 10. § 10-1
Normal working hours must not exceed nine hours per 24 hours and 40 hours per seven days. There are exceptions. § 10-4
all work exceeding the limit prescribed by the Act for normal working hours, the time in excess, is regarded as overtime
Work in excess of agreed working hours must not take place except in cases when there is an exceptional and time-limited need for it.
Overtime work must not exceed ten hours per seven days, 25 hours per four consecutive weeks or 200 hours during a period of 52 weeks.
Employees are entitled to leave of absence when they need to attend a sick child in their care. § 12-9
An employee shall be entitled to a maximum of 10 days leave of absence per calendar year or a maximum of 15 days if the employee has two or more children in his or her care
An employee who has sole responsibility for the care of a child shall be entitled to twice the number of days of leave
An employee who has worked for the same employer for the last two years shall be entitled to full or partial leave for up to three years in order to attend organized courses of education
An employee shall be entitled to leave of absence in connection with compulsory or voluntary military service or similar national service. An employee who wishes to continue his or her employment after completion of such service shall notify the employer before commencing the service. § 12-12
Direct and indirect discrimination of all kinds on the basis of political views, membership of a trade union, sexual orientation, disability or age is prohibited.
Through requirements as to the regard of systematic implementation of measures, the Internal Control Regulations shall promote efforts to improve conditions in enterprises in regard to:
The working environment and safety
Prevention of damage to health or disturbances to the environment from product or consumer services
Protection of the external environment against pollution and improved treatment of waste.
The person responsible for the enterprise is responsible for ensuring that the internal control is introduced and performed in the enterprise.
There are documentation requirements. The following must be documented in writing:
establish health, environmental and safety objectives
have an overview of the enterprise's organizational set-up, including allocation of responsibilities, duties and authority in regard to the work on health, the environment and safety
identify dangers and problems and against this background assess risks; draw up appurtenant plans and measures to reduce such risks
implement routines to uncover, rectify and prevent breaches of requirements established in or pursuant to the health, environmental and safety legislation
carry out systematic surveillance and reviews of the internal control system to ensure that it functions as intended
As part of the course from us you get a complete system for internal control.
A well functioning and systematic HMS-work contributes to the undertakings profitability and reputation. HMS-work is important for creating a beneficial working environment for each employee and for the undertaking to achieve its goals.
Working environment factors, work relations and an inclusive occupational life
Employer and employees should ensure that the psychosocial and physical working environment is regularly measured and evaluated as a part of the internal control routines.
"Inclusive Workplace" (IA) is an agreement with the purpose of making it possible to work for anyone with the will and ability. Read with the IA on nav.no
In the document describing the national strategical plan for work and mental health (2007-2012) it's taken particular measures for people with problems and disorders related to mental health. Read more on nav.no
Regulations in relation to specific branches of trade
Below is a link to arbeidsmiljoportalen.no pages for the industry "Byggebransjen". This page summarizes the key requirements of your industry.
We'll also provide you with a pdf of this summary when the course is passed.